Natural gas is a common term in many households. Many of us are quite familiar with natural gas is often used for cooking, heating our homes, providing hot water, and so many other uses. But a term you may not be familiar with is liquefied-natural gas (LNG). This is vapor gas that has been processed into liquid form, and all the impurities, water, hydrogen sulfide, and carbon dioxide have been removed. The process of liquefying natural gas entails cooling the gas up to -163 degrees Celsius.
How LNG is transported and Stored
LNG occupies about one six hundredths the volume of natural gas, making it very efficient to transport. When it is necessary to transport natural gas to areas where there is no pipeline infrastructure such as mountainous destinations, transporting it as liquid natural gas is much more practical. The liquefied gas is then stored in double-walled insulated containers in order to maintain the low temperatures and prevent the liquefied natural gas – from boiling or evaporating.
After LNG has been delivered to its intended destination, it is reversed back to gas. Changing the liquid natural gas into a usable form of gas is very convenient. It allows areas of the world to benefit from this fuel source when otherwise it would be impossible.
Uses of LNG
The liquid form of Natural Gas is increasingly becoming popular in both homes and industries. A homes LNG is being used for heating, cooking as well as electricity generation. It is replacing propane and other fuels in industries such as mineral extraction, construction sites and forestry facilities. This is because it has proven to be very economical when transporting and storing. It is also expected that LNG will provide a steady, dependable source of natural gas for homes and industries.
The growing demand for LNG has led to numerous developments, such as the subsea processing – This word class technology aims to minimize development costs for fields situated far from existing production locations.